Bees Eye Camera Grow Food And Protect The Environment

As we walk through the bees gardens of Australia, we might not realize that the natural resource that is buzzing all around us is one our most precious natural resources. The pollination of about a third the food we eat is done by bees. Data on crop production shows that bees contribute over US$235 billion each year to the global economy.

Honeybees and Australian native honeybees play an important role in the creation of healthy communities, from backyard gardens to urban parks, by pollinating both native and non-native species.

Despite their importance for human and environmental health it is surprising how little we actually know about our insect friends.

It’s possible to learn how bees perceive and make decisions to help us better manage our resources.

How Vision Of Bees Differs From Vision Of Humans

ABC TV’s The Great Australian Bee Challenge is a new documentary that teaches everyday Australians about bees. We conducted an experiment to show how bees can use their incredible eyes to see complex shapes in flowers and human faces.

The lens in our eyes allows us to focus light onto the retina. This creates sharp images. In contrast, insects such as bees have a compound eye made up of many light-guiding tubes known as ommatidia.

A facet is the top of an ommatidia. There are approximately 5000 different ommatidia in each bee’s compound eye. Each funnels part of the scene toward specialised sensors that enable visual perception by their brains.

Because each ommatidia only contains limited information about a scene, due to the physics and light, the composite image is somewhat “grainy” in comparison to human vision. Bees face a problem when trying to locate flowers from afar because of their reduced visual sharpness.

In order to attract bees attention, pollinated flowers have often evolved to emit strong colour signals. Although we may find flowers beautiful, they aren’t design for our eyes. The ability of a bee to see mixtures of ultraviolet, green and blue light is what attracts the strongest signals.

How To Build A Bee Camera

It can be difficult to visualize how a honeybee sees, despite all the research. We created a bio-inspired bee eye camera to aid people, including ourselves, to see the world through the eyes of a bee.

It uses approximately 5000 straws to mimic the optical principles used by the bee compound eye. Each straw only views a part of the scene. However, the array of straws allows for all the scenes to be project onto one piece of tracing papers.

You can then capture the image with a digital camera. This project is easy to build by children of school age and can be assemble multiple times for insights into bees worldview.

We know our device mimics the visual abilities of bees because they can train to recognize visual targets.

Students can use student projects to explore the fascinating nexus of science, photography, and art. This will show how bees perceive different things. For example, carrots, which are an important part in our diet, and which require bees to produce seeds efficiently.

Protecting Bees Is Possible By Understanding Bee Vision

To live, bees need flowers and bees need to pollinate crops. Understanding bee vision will help us support our buzzy friends, and the vital pollination services that they provide, better.

It is evident that flowers bloom in groups, often using mixed cues such as colour and smell to help pollinators locate the most productive areas.

Many flowers in a single flower attract pollinators, much like boxing day sales at a shopping center. Even though shops are competing, they work better together – this may also be true for flowers.

This means that bees will not find one flower that is best for them. To support bees better, you should include as many native and non-native flowers in your environment as possible. It’s simple, If you plant it, they’ll come.

We are just beginning to understand how bee perceive and see our shared world, including art styles. The more we learn the better we can help and encourage our important insect partners.

Top Toe-Tapping Film Musicals

During the Great Depression, movies provided an escape from everyday life and musicals offered hope for a better future. La La Land, a modern twist on a traditional formula, has rekindled interest in this musical genre.

The film won the following awards at the Golden Globes: Best Motion Picture (Musical and Comedy), Best Director (Damien Chazelle), Best Original Score (City of Stars), Best Screenplay (City of Stars), Best Actor, Best Original Song, Best Actress (Emma Stone), Best Actor (Ryan Gosling), Best Actor (Emma Stone), and Best Actor (Damien Chazelle).

La La Land was a great escape. I also enjoy the courage of the director and cast to take on a difficult field. There are many musicals that can be consider great.

Here’s my list of the ten best musicals, as a musical tragedy. This list is not definitive. It does not include silent films such as The Jazz Singer (1927); the first Hollywood musical,

The Broadway Melody (1929); groundbreaking films such as Grease (1978) or Fiddler on the Roof (71); cult musicals such The Rocky Horror Picture Show (1975); and jukebox musicals such as Mamma Mia! (2008) Shows that are based on classic music theatre should be credit, such as Crazy Ex-Girlfriend (a TV musical comedy-drama series).

The following musicals have influenced the world of music theatre today. Each musical has an iconic quality that makes it stand out.

42nd Street Musicals (1933)

42nd Street is based on Ruby Keeler’s creation of a musical show in the Depression. It was the beginning of her career, which has been synonymous with early musicals.

This film shows the visuals of Busby Berkeley, choreographer whose technique is still unparalleled today. Berkeley is known for his ability to film from the top. His choreography was visually striking for a seated audience.

However, when viewed from above each step helps illustrate an image. A group of girls in flowing dresses might turn in a circle with a number of them dancing. The viewer would see a spinning flower and a dancer at the center would spin in the opposite direction.

Top Hat Musicals (1935)

Ginger Rogers and Fred Astaire were the most prominent dancing couple of the 1930’s. They starred in 10 films. Their meeting was accidental, as they were introduce on the set for Flying Down To Rio (1933) as supporting characters.

The chemistry between them was so amazing that the production team was shock. The film was their first, and it featured them as the leading characters. According to The Oxford History of World Cinema, boy meets girl; girl dances with boy; boy gets girl in a Fred & Ginger musical.

Rogers was wearing a feathered dress during filming of the classic song and dance, Cheek to Cheek. One errant feather fell onto the set, which was not notice in post-production editing.

An American in Paris (1951)

The Oscar-winning film featured dancers Gene Kelly and Leslie Caron. It’s a simple story about a Parisian painter who falls in love with an American. The dance sequences are exquisite.

Kelly choreographed one of the dance sequences, An American in Paris ballet. It is a 17-minute long extravaganza. It includes costumes inspired by a few French painters, including Renoir and Toulouse-Lautrec, and a gorgeous George Gershwin score.

Singin’ in The Rain Musicals (1952)

This film is now more poignant after the passing of Debbie Reynolds. Reynolds, who was only 20 at the time of her film’s production, starred alongside Gene Kelly (and Donald O’Connor). It is one of the most popular musicals ever made.

It features memorable songs, elaborate dance routines, and, of course, the scene-stealing title song. This is a humorous look at Hollywood at the time that silent films were replaced by talkies.

In any survey of the best American films, Singin’ in the Rain is undoubtedly in the top ten. In recent years, there have been many stage revivals. Everybody I know can sing along to Good Morning.

Oklahoma (1955)

Based on Lynn Riggs’ play Green Grow the Lilacs (1931), this first collaboration between Richard Rodgers II and Oscar Hammerstein II explores the love story of a cowboy (Gordon MacRae), and a farmgirl (Shirley Jones).

It introduces the concept of the book music, a musical performance where songs and dances are a part of the story, allowing the audience to feel profound emotions. The story also has a darker side, as Jud, a farmer hand, falls in love with the lead lady. The title song and Oh, What a Beautiful Morning are two of the most popular numbers from this production.

Guilt-Free Guide To Flowers This Valentine’s Day

Valentine’s Day is all about sending flowers. Between February 1st and 14th, 2011, Australia imported 5.22 million rose stems, mostly from Kenya. If you assume that typical bouquets consist of 24 roses it would mean that 217,500 bouquets were sold in just two weeks.

Our desire to show kindness and affection towards others through the gifting of cut flowers is causing harm to Mother Nature. The 217,500 bouquets would have been wrap in 75cm plastic cellophane. This is just for roses in Australia.

Cellophane facts won’t win over your sweetheart. Let’s make smarter, more sustainable flower choices with Valentine’s Day around the corner.

Petal Power Flowers

There are over 900 flower farms in Australia that cultivate 4,470 hectares of flowers to supply nearly 2,000 florists. The majority of cut flowers sold here actually come from overseas. In 2015, Ecuador was the most expensive importer, at A$1.9million. This is the perfect question to ask if you are wondering Why are delicate flowers ship halfway across the globe?

Ecuador and other countries near the Equator enjoy good growing conditions. They also get 12 hours of sunlight every day. These regions often see a significant contribution from the flower industry to the economies of smaller or less developed countries.

For example, in eastern Africa, flowers make up more than 10% of total exports. This is second only to tea

The economics of selling cut flowers all over the globe are also influence by the low wages in Kenya and Ecuador. This often comes at the expense of local pickers and growers who are often subject to poor working conditions.

The Controversial Carbon Issue Flowers

The United States produces around 9,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide from the shipments and purchases of 100 million roses on Valentine’s Day.

As with many things in this complex and hectic world, the question about a flower’s carbon footprint may not be as simple as it seems. The Netherlands is the largest exporter of cut flowers in the world. Most of these flowers are grown in refrigerate or heated green houses.

The controlled environment inside these buildings is maintain by artificial light, heat, and cooling. Each rose that is grown in The Netherlands contributes approximately 2.91kg of CO2 annually to the atmosphere. A single rose from a Kenyan farm contributes just 0.5kg.

This is due to the fact that Kenyan hothouses don’t use artificial lighting or heating, and most farmers walk or cycle to work. Therefore, flowers from tropical regions can sometimes considere low-carbon. However, international transport not always taken into account.

Pesticides That Are Not Need

Because flowers are not considere an edible crop, regulations regarding pesticide usage are usually exempt. The cut flower industry is the largest consumer of pesticides in the world.

For pest control purposes, flower growers regularly import large quantities of chemicals like methyl bromide and others to Kenya and other countries.

Concerningly, methyl bromide can be an ozone-depleting chemical. Some cases have seen the destruction of fish stocks critical to local communities due to run-off from these chemicals from nearby water bodies like Lake Naivasha in Kenya.

What Can You Do Then?

We don’t want our love to suffer, and we also don’t want to contribute to a decrease in expressions of affection or conflict. The good news is that there are many eco-friendly ways you can show your love.

You can also grow your own flowers for gifts. A living plant can given as a gift that will live on in your garden for many years, reminding you about that special person or day. This is a common rule in our household, and one that our husbands are happy with our gardens look better than ever!

Locally grown organic flowers are a better option if you don’t have the means to grow or give living plants. This will result in fewer flower miles. The hardy native species and breeds such as lilies or birds of paradise. Need less resources and can survive longer in transport. This means there is less waste.